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Blepharoplasty Lady

The history of Hair Transplants

March 9, 2018

Hair transplants dates back prior to World War II. It all started with a Japanese doctor, Dr. Okuda, performing hair transplant on the eyebrows of trauma patients.

In 1952, Dr. Norman Orentreich conducted the first modern hair transplant at his practice in New York. By 1961, he had already performed the procedure on 200 patients.

While at New York University Skin and Cancer Hospital, Dr. Norman studied skin grafts and hair follicles. He came to the conclusion that it was surgically possible to take hair from donor sites and transplant to the recipient site where it would grow strong and healthy.

Dr. Norman introduced the principle of “Donor Dominance” illustrating bald resistant hairs from the back of the head maintained their characteristics irrespective of where the hair was implanted. Meaning, as long as the hair follicle from the donor site was healthy, it will continue its intrinsic qualities wherever it is implanted.

In the 90s, strip grafting became the popular choice for Hair Transplant surgery. This involved the removal of a strip of skin from the back of the scalp; the hair follicles were removed from the strip and implanted into the desired site. The downfall of the strip grafting method is that it often left linear scarring on the back of the scalp. Many patients became hesitant about hair transplant due to the pain and scarring.

FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) became the preferred choice of Hair Transplant in the mid 2000’s. A follicular unit is the genetically determined way that a hair shaft grows in relation to its bulb or root. The follicular units can be harvested in singles, doubles, triplets and quadruplets which are rooted together in a single bulb unit. Harvesting the extracted follicles itself ensures that genetically related hair families stay and grow together leading a potentially more natural growth pattern when transplanted.

It is still the most desirable choice for patients, due to the almost non-existent scarring, quick recovery and effective results. New robotic and computerized systems such as the ARTAS and NeoGraft have helped evolve hair transplants even more by reducing the sight of scars and reducing the margin of error.


Take advantage of our ongoing promotion! $500 off your first men’s FUE transplant, with financing available at no added interest for 6 months. To make it happen, simply book your appointment on an evening or a Saturday.


Dr. Stephen Mulholland, MD
Posted by Dr. Stephen Mulholland, MD
has been practicing plastic surgery for over 20 years. He is one of Canada’s most renowned and best plastic surgeons in Toronto with his wealth of experience, artistry, and humbleness towards his patients.

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