Sun Damage
what is it? what causes it? and how can i treat it?
Sun Damage

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{ Sun Damage }

What are sun damage, brown spots and sun spots?

Photo aging, sun damage and brown and sun spots are the appearance of your skin that results from chronic exposure to the sun and its harmful ultraviolet and infrared light rays. Chronic exposure to the sun, even with sun blocks, exposes the skin to ultraviolet light type C waves, radiation as well as infrared radiation. The chronic exposure of your skin to these harmful rays, especially in this era of diminished ozone, results in a degeneration of your skin. The characteristics of photo damage, sun damage and brown spots and age spots are thinning of the skin; diffuse wrinkling of the skin, especially of the skin of the cheeks, around the mouth, the eyes, the neck, the chest and back of the hands; as well as proliferation of multiple brown spots or age or sun spots and, finally, broken capillaries and spider vessels, which indicate chronic inflammation due to the sun exposure. Many Toronto sun damage, photo aging and brown spot and sunspot patients feel that they are protecting themselves by wearing ultraviolet light Sun Protective Factor (SPF) of 30 to 60 blocks. It is important to remember that the sun blocks are primarily for UVA and UVB ultraviolet radiation, which helps prevent against the formation of skin cancers; however, SPF 30 or more does not protect against ultraviolet light’s Wavelength C and infrared radiation from the sun. Both are potent stimulators of photo aging, sun damage, as well as brown spots and sun spots. The aggregate damage that occurs from photo aging, sun damage and brown spots and sun spots makes your skin look old, brown, discoloured, wrinkled, thin and lax.

What is the treatment for my photo aging, sun damage and brown spots and sun spots?

Dr. Mulholland and SpaMedica pioneered many of the most advanced treatments for Toronto sun damage, photo aging and sun spot patients. These treatments generally are a combination of topical advanced doctor-prescribed medical skin care in conjunction with high-tech stratum corneum peel techniques and, most fundamentally, with intense pulsed light laser energy and radiofrequency treatments combined with fractional resurfacing therapies that improve all aspects of your photo damage, sun damage and sun spots. The coordinated treatment program will consist of an assessment by Dr. Mulholland’s medical spa coordinator and the creation of a customized program that will combine elements of stratum corneum reduction and medical skin care with intense pulsed light photo aging and advanced laser systems to reduce your brown spots, any dilated facial spider vessels, red discolouration and brown discolouration and then the implementation of radiofrequency tightening for lifting of any lax skin and fractional laser and radiofrequency resurfacing devices to reduce sun damage lines and wrinkles.

Your SpaMedica photo damage, sun damage and brown spot, sun spot treatment program is a series of treatments, generally between three and six, performed once every three weeks. The combined multiple laser light energy-radiofrequency applicators are performed on the same visit expertly by Dr. Mulholland’s highly-trained medical aesthetics and nursing staff. Combined with these treatments will be medical skin care and a home photo damage-sun damage skin care program. Resistant brown spots, sun spots and sun damage can also be treated with the new generation of Picosecond lasers, such as the Picosure and Picoway, to ensure the best clearance of the brown spots, sun damage and sun spots from your skin.

Who is a candidate for the SpaMedica photo damage, sun damage and sun spot program?

Good candidates for the SpaMedica photo damage, sun damage and sun spot program are those individuals with realistic expectations with the kind of results they can achieve with non-surgical treatments. In general, Toronto sun damage, brown spot and sun spot patients can see improvements in all aspects of your sun damage from brown discolouration, sun spots, laxity and wrinkles of between 50% and 75%. Patients are also good candidates for the photo aging, sun damage and sun spot program if they comply with the post-op care requirements of staying out of the sun and avoiding direct sunbathing for two to three weeks after each treatment. It is a common misbelief that one must avoid all sun exposure after these SpaMedica sun damage and sun spot treatments, which is not true. Simply avoiding direct and extended, prolonged sunbathing is important, but by appropriate Sun Protective Factor and a hat, one can go out and enjoy sun exposure without direct exposure to the face, neck or chest.

Are other areas of photo damage, sun damage, brown spots and sun spots able to be treated as well?

It is very common for Toronto sun damage, brown spot and sun spot patients to not just have sun damage and photo aging on their face but also on their neck, décolleté and the back of the hands; even of the forearms, arms and shoulders. SpaMedica has over 18 years of experience at delivering comprehensive photo-rejuvenation, laser and light reduction techniques, not just for the face, but photo aging, photo damage and sun spots of the neck, décolleté, hands, wrists, forearms and other body areas. At the time of your consultation, you can simply outline the areas of fundamental sun damage you are suffering from and experiencing and your SpaMedica coordinator will customize a total body sun damage treatment program for you.

What kind of anaesthetic is used during my SpaMedica sun damage-photo aging and brown spot program?

All these laser, light and energy-based devices, both radiofrequency and intense pulsed light laser and fractional resurfacing techniques and PicoSure lasers are all performed comfortably under topical anaesthetic cream and a topical chiller device.

Is my photo damage, sun damage, brown spot and sun spot treatment painful?

With any advanced medical aesthetic treatment of the skin that involves laser, intense pulsed light, laser devices and fractional treatment devices, there will be some degree of discomfort. However, this discomfort is greatly minimized by the use of very strong topical anaesthetic cream and topical air chillers, to the point where most patients find their SpaMedica photo damage, sun damage and brown spot treatment program far less painful than any other kind of aesthetic treatment they may have had, including waxing or eyebrow plucking and even less painful than many centres, where laser hair removal is performed.

How long does my photo damage, sun damage and age spot treatment take?

In general, most multiple-applicator intense pulsed laser and fractional treatments take between 30 and 45 minutes to complete. This treatment is performed once every three weeks for a series of three to six treatments to get optimal results.

How long is the recovery following my photo damage, sun spot and photo aging treatment?

After a combination applicator intense pulsed light, laser, fractional and radiofrequency tightening procedure, most patients look quite mildly swollen and edematous for one to two hours. All brown spots and sun spots tend to look much darker and flake off over five to seven days, but most patients find they can return to work, usually the next day, looking acceptable in makeup following their SpaMedica photo damage-sun damage, brown spot and sun spot treatment.

What kind of results can I expect following my SpaMedica photo damage, sun damage, borwn spot and sun spot treatment?

Toronto photo damage, sun damage, brown spot and sun spot patients can expect an excellent result following their comprehensive and advanced SpaMedica photo aging, sun damage, brown spot and sun spot treatment program. In general, over 75% to 80% of all brown discolouration and brown spots can be removed following a series of treatments in the SpaMedica photo damage-sun damage treatment program. Fifty to seventy percent reduction in dilated spider veins and vessels and a 30% to 50% reduction in macro pores in the T zone, as well as diffuse fine lines and wrinkles can be achieved. There is also a significant reduction in laxity and a lifting effect of the jawline, neck, face and brow. These results in reduction in wrinkles, brown spots and laxity can also occur with photo damage, sun damage and sun spot treatment of the aging hand, wrist and forearm as well as décolleté and neck.

What are patients saying about their SpaMedica sun damage, photo damage and sunspot treatment?

Most Toronto brown discoloration patients are ecstatic with the results of their SpaMedica photo damage, sun damage, brown spot and sun spot treatment. It takes years to develop aging, wrinkled, lax skin from excessive sun exposure and in a matter of weeks, SpaMedica’s combination of laser, light, energy, radiofrequency, tightening and fractional devices can turn the clock back five to ten years in the youthful rejuvenation appearance of the skin.

How long will the results of my photo aging, sun damage and sun spot treatment last?

For patients who take the time, care and attention to avoid excessive post treatment sun exposure of their face, neck décolleté and hands, the results of their SpaMedica photo damage, sun damage, brown spot and sun spot treatment can be lifelong. Most patients, however, still experience a modest degree of sun exposure, whether by outdoor sporting activities such as tennis, golf or gardening or simple gardening, patients generally will come to SpaMedica once every three to four months for a single combination applicator maintenance treatment to protect the investment in increased collagen and lift and tightening that was achieved, as well as ongoing maintenance reduction of wrinkles, laxity and any brown discolouration, sun spots or photo aging that may have occurred. These maintenance treatments are very affordable and can be purchased one at a time or a whole-year maintenance package can be purchased upon completion of your primary SpaMedica photo damage, sun damage and sun spot treatment program.

Is there any maintenance required?

The ongoing maintenance is simply the once every three to four months recommended “protect your investment” radiofrequency bulk heating for any laxity, as you will undergo natural facial aging plus collagen destruction and this program helps maintain that. In addition, there will be ongoing non-sun damage related advancement of wrinkles and the use of IPL Fotofacial brown color correction and fractional technology and even combination therapy with Botox injections and soft tissue fillers can help protect or extend your rejuvenated investment that you have achieved.

How much will my photo aging, sun damage, brown spot and sun spot treatment program cost?

There is a range of treatment packages available at SpaMedica and a comprehensive consultation with the SpaMedica consult coordinator will help outline the best package for you. In general, a comprehensive package can start as low as $1,500 and up, depending on the number of treatments required to achieve the optimal results.

Why choose Dr. Mulholland and SpaMedica for my photo aging, sun damage, brown spot and sun spot treatments?

By choosing Dr. Mulholland and SpaMedica, you will choose a centre that has pioneered the treatment of sun damage and photo aging. It will ensure that at SpaMedica you will receive the best technology available with multiple wavelengths, lasers and fractional devices to optimize your overall cosmetic outcome. SpaMedica is Canada’s largest private laser center and with over 40 high tech skin laser and energy systems, the best laser or combination of devices will be used on your skin to get the best possible results.

There will also be the opportunity to see and be treated by Dr. Mulholland himself, or one of his Cosmetic Dermatololgists for any residual photo aging, sun damage or brown spot discolouration that persists following your SpaMedica package. Many patients, after their non-surgical treatment for their aging facial skin will see Dr. Mulholland or one of his 5 injection nurses for advanced injectables, Botox injections treatments or combination mini facial skin enhancement

How can I show Dr. Mulholland my concerns and see if I am a candidate?

Toronto photo damage, sun damage and sun spot treatment patients should simply fill out the appointment request form or “ask a question” form and upload up to 3 photos for Dr. Mulholland to review.

How do I schedule a photo damage, sun damage and sun spot treatment consultation at SpaMedica?

Toronto sun damage, photo damage, brown spot and sun spot patients should simply fill out the online consultation request form or call 877-712-8367 to speak directly to a SpaMedica customer service representative who will schedule a photo damage-sun damage SpaMedica consultation for you now. Call now to achieve a natural, beautiful-looking, five-to-seven year facial rejuvenation with your SpaMedica photo aging treatment program.

What are age spots, sun damage, solar letnigines and liver spots? What causes them?

Sun damage that often results in age spots, liver spots and solar lentigines, which are flat, brown, grayish brown or black spots on the skin. They appear in a variety of sizes and usually afflict the face, hands, shoulders, chest, back and arms. It’s no surprise that these are the most commonly exposed areas to the sun. Photo Damage accumulates in your skin over time, including thinning of the skin, broken capillaries, multiple deep wrinkles, excessive brown pigmentation and skin laxity and these sun damage changes can be seen very early on in life, appearing more visibly after the age of 40.

Can I treat these sun damage spots and if so, what can I treat them with?

Patients suffering from sun damage on their skin can have a variety of treatments available to them at SpaMedica when the sun damage spots are cosmetic and not deemed malignant or suspicious. Using a series of SpaMedica Intense Pulsed Light treatments, known as the proprietary FotoFacial program, which was pioneered by Dr. Stephen Mulholland, to lighten the spots and even out the skin tone is one of the most commonly used methods today to improve age spots, sun spots and sun damage. CO2 lasers and SpaMedica fractionated treatments such as the SpaMedica Affirm, Smart Skin and SpaMedica eMatrix treatment will provide some noticeable degree of improvement, while also addressing other skin issues which may be present such as diffuse wrinkles, laxity, scarring, enlarged pores, acne and rosacea. At home medical skin care treatments such as Skin TX, will provide satisfactory clearing of the sun spots over time and is often used in conjunction with SpaMedica Intense Pulse Light (IPL or SpaMedica FotoFacial), CO2 and SpaMedica Fractionated treatments to provide the patient with the best outcome and lessen the downtime and risks sometimes associated with light based treatments for pigmented lesions. The Home skin care program will also help you protect your aesthetic enhancement investment. The Silk Peel Lumixyl treatment offers a milder treatment that, over time, will produce compelling results in even the most stubborn areas of sun damage. During the Silk Peel, a diamond microdermabrador head is passed over the skin, gently exfoliating it, and a solution of a special peptide, Lumixyl, is infused into the skin. The recommendation of Skin TX treatment programs by your SpaMedica Medical Professional will extend the results between med spa visits. A series of six treatments will achieve optimal results. Q switched lasers and Pulsed Dye Lasers are often used by our SpaMedica Cosmetic Dermatologists and SpaMedica Cosmetic Plastic Surgeons to address more resistant lesions. Usually providing clearance in as few as three treatments, these lasers are optimal in treating a large variety of lesion sizes.

If I have my sun damage treated, will it recur? Can I prevent it?

Patients can be assured that through regular maintenance, the sun damage will have a lower chance of recurring. Recurrence will certainly happen if you do not maintain your result with proper home skin care, sun protection and quarterly laser maintenance treatments. Once the areas have been treated with the best SpaMedica treatment program for your sun damage spots, your SpaMedica treatment professional will recommend a home regime which will include sun screens and protective therapeutic garments (Sun Soul) to protect your skin. SpaMedica has been treating patients who suffer from skin damage in Toronto since 1997. SpaMedica is Toronto’s and Canada’s oldest, most recognized and reputable Laser Skin Care and Cosmetic Dermatology center. Patients also have the advantage of seeing one of SpaMedica’s experienced cosmetic Dermatologists.

SpaMedica recommends the following treatments for patients suffering from sun damage on their skin:


Cosmetic Surgery and Laser Skin Care Spa:
66 Avenue Road Suite 4
Toronto, Ontario M5R 3N8
Tel: 1-877-211-7505